Classical Chinese medicine refers to the original roots of Chinese medicine that arose during China’s Warring States and Han Dynasty periods (475 B.C.E.-220 C.E). It was at this time that the core principles of Chinese medicine were first envisioned and set down in seminal texts, such as the Huangdi Neijing (Yellow Emperor’s Inner Classic ) and Shanghan Lun (Treatise on Cold Damage ). Written in times of great mortality and morbidity, both of these texts offer extensive and detailed information regarding the treatment of a variety of serious and life-threatening illnesses, such as malaria, cholera, tuberculosis, cancer and heart disease. Despite the critical importance of these texts, much of this knowledge has fallen into disuse. Further, an increasing emphasis on modern Western scientific methodologies, both in Asia and the West, has meant that these texts have remained largely unexamined and untested by modern scientific research methods.